Topical 20% Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) in a Lipo base, with Vitamin E and Almond oil. Medical grade form of pure ascorbic acid crushing it with a mortar and pestle then mixed into a natural Vitamin E base. It may feel slighly gritty, but this is normal or take out cream 15 minutes before each use and place on counter. This will help melt the Vitamin C crystals. If apply directly from refrigerator, massage into skin a bit more. Open quickly, take a small amount out, then close lid tightly so it does not oxidize. Keep in refrigerator for long shelf life. No synthetic ingredients. Skin will appear brighter and smoother.